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Pauline Nyiramasuhuko facing fresh charges of encouraging sexual violence

The indictment of the former Rwandan Minister for the Family and Women's Affairs, Pauline Nyiramasuhuko has been amended to include six additional counts, one of which accuses her of being responsible for rape "as part of a widespread and systematic attack against a civilian population on political, ethnic and racial grounds" in Butare, central Rwanda. The accused is jointly charged with her son, Arsène Shalom Ntahobali.

The new indictment, confirmed by Trial Chamber I on Tuesday 10 August 1999, which according to the Prosecutor was based on new evidence, also charges the two with "outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment, rape, enforced prostitution and indecent assault" against Tutsi women.

Only Ntahobali who now faces four new counts, was charged with committing crimes of sexual violence in the previous indictment. The two are now jointly charged with ten counts of genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, and crimes against humanity. Nyiramasuhuko faces a separate charge of direct and public incitement to commit genocide.

The accused, with the assistance of soldiers and others, are alleged to have set up road blocks where they identified, abducted and killed members of the Tutsi population. When abducting their victims, they often forced them to undress completely before forcing them into vehicles and taking them to their deaths.

The indictment further alleges that Arsène Shalom Ntahobali, assisted by unknown "accomplices" , participated in the kidnaping and raping of Tutsi women.

The former Minister was arrested on 18 July 1997 in Nairobi, Kenya and transferred on the same day to Arusha. Her son, a former businessman and leader of the local militia was also arrested in Nairobi, a week later, on 24 July 1997, and transferred the same day to Arusha.

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